Gum Disease

Two types of gum disease commonly presented at our Avenue Dental practices are gingivitis (gum disease) and periodontitis (gum and bone disease).

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Gingivitis and Periodontitis

Gingivitis is a progressive disease, in its early stages it may go undetected. The first indication is bleeding when you brush or floss, and puffiness in the gums. Because both are usually painless, most people are unaware they have a problem. At this point, a professional clean by a hygienist combined with regular brushing and flossing usually stops the infection.

Untreated gingivitis may lead to periodontitis. The infection is normally caused by a combination of bacteria, viruses and fungi otherwise known as plaque or biofilm. Essentially, the gum and bone that hold your teeth in place rots away. This causes bad breath and eventually teeth can get wobbly and fall out. Recent research reveals that periodontal disease can be a serious threat to your health. It has been associated with increased risk of heart disease, premature births and low birth weight babies, stroke, diabetes, osteoporosis and respiratory infections.

If gum disease is left untreated it can cause permanent damage to the tissues and structure around a tooth. In some cases, gum disease is asymptomatic – meaning no pain is involved.

Gum Disease Treatment

Patients with active gum disease see one of our lovely hygienists for treatment. The condition of the gums is assessed, and a combination of techniques are used to ensure your teeth are cleaned professionally and thoroughly. A closely monitored hygiene program and education are the keys to successful gum disease treatment.

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