Periodontal disease affects a large portion of Australians. Periodontal disease, also known as ongoing gum infection, is a serious chronic inflammatory disease that can lead to teeth loss. It attacks the tooth supporting gums and bone, reducing their size and function. The word periodontal literally means “around the tooth.”
Periodontal disease is caused by bacteria in plaque and tartar attacking the gums and, in later stages gum bone. If plaque and tartar are not regularly removed (using good daily flossing and brushing habits, as well as regular professional teeth cleanings), periodontal disease will occur.
Smoking is another significant risk factor and can make periodontal disease treatment less effective. Other factors that increase one’s risk for periodontal disease include diabetes, medications that reduce the natural flow of saliva, genetics, hormonal changes, and certain illnesses like AIDS.
Only the first stage is reversible, the second stage can be managed. Teeth loss is likely or certain with subsequent periodontal disease stages.
After teeth loss, dentures or implant bridges may be required, and it may produce an array of additional health issues. Because of its potential severity, it is important that it is treated seriously, despite how common the disease is reported to be.
Periodontal disease is broken up into four separate stages: gingivitis, slight periodontal disease, moderate periodontal disease, and advanced periodontal disease.
To read more about the different stages you can click here (insert hyperlink to the 4 levels of periodontal disease)
If you have noticed receding gums, swollen and sensitive gums, some of your teeth are wobbling or you have one of the risk conditions, and want advice and treatment options from one of our dentists please contact any of our friendly dental practices in Caloundra, Kawana, Maroochydore, Bli Bli, North Lakes and Baringa, book on-line here, or feel free to email or call us.